What Is The Purpose Of An Annotated Bibliography
An annotated bibliography is an obligatory part of many kinds of works. It shows the ability of the listener to apply in practice the knowledge obtained in the study of relevant academic disciplines. The bibliography reflects the independent creative work done by the author in collecting and analyzing the material, documenting and substantiating the reliability and accuracy of the facts, statistical data, quotations and other information borrowed from various sources. A well-written list of sources is also an expression of the scientific ethics and culture of scientific work. Therefore, the most serious attention should be paid to the issues of drawing up and formatting a bibliography and giving bibliographic references in scientific work. Compiling a list of sources is a lengthy process that starts with the choice of the topic of the paper. When reading each source, bibliographic data must be checked and refined.
THE ESSENCE OF BIBLIOGRAPHY
The definition of the social essence of the bibliography is connected with clarifying the public purpose of the bibliography, its public purpose as an activity in general.
There are three main special functions of the bibliography: signaling (the moment of availability and appearance of new information), evaluation (verification and adaptation of new information in the knowledge system), and recommendatory function (using social information by selecting the optimal conditions for its adoption by the consumer).
Along with the public functions of the bibliography, the basic principles have a similar character. It is a systematic and inseparable connection with the scientific activity, as well as the public benefit of bibliography. Today, due to the breadth of the information space, the bibliography also includes such principles as active, communicative and systemic functions. These principles imply the main tasks of the bibliography in the modern information environment, such as mobility, assimilation, and processing of large amounts of information, connectivity, and accessibility in a common information environment and universality.
THE SUBJECT AND OBJECT OF THE BIBLIOGRAPHY
The peculiarity of the object of the bibliography is that it acts in a certain way of idealizing; it is the iconic systems for the reproduction of social information. The bibliography is included in the system of information activities, or the bookstore system since it is directed to its control effect.
The book industry is the sphere of spiritual and social activity (culture), the main function of which is communication through the production, distribution, storage and use of books (works, documents, publications). Thus, it can be argued that the object of the bibliography is book industry as a process of information exchange, taking into account both social information and the book as the way of existence and use of it in the society. The subject of bibliography can be qualified as a result. To be more precise, it can include not only information but also bibliographic activity. Therefore, the subject of the bibliography is bibliographic knowledge.
Bibliographic search is an information search (selection of bibliographic documents), carried out on the basis of bibliographic data. The bibliography identifies three main goals of information retrieval.
- Search of the necessary information about the source and establishing its presence in the system of other sources. It is conducted by searching for bibliographic information and bibliographic guides (information publications), specially created for more effective search and use of information (materials, books).
- Search for information sources (documents and editions), which contain or can contain the necessary information.
- Search for actual information contained in a book, for example, about historical facts and events, about the technical characteristics of machines and processes, about the properties of substances and materials, about biographical data from the life and work of a writer, scientist, etc.
Methods of Bibliographic Search:
In a continuous method, the bibliographer, in order to accomplish the task, surveys the entire existence of the available manuals and sources without any passes.
An individual approach to finding the necessary sources on the basis of the assumption or basic knowledge, taking into account the specification by some type (author of works, genre, publishing house).
In any case, the typological (prescription) method reflects the information retrieval process as a certain rational principle. At the same time, it shows the importance of the starting point of this complex process. It can be chosen by intuition and on the basis of conscious, purposeful reflection and a working hypothesis.
In this case, the general conclusion about the availability of sources of information on the issue of interest is made with the help of the study of all sources.
WHAT IS THE ANNOTATION AND DESCRIPTION
The bibliographic description is a part of a bibliographic note, a set of bibliographic information about a document with certain rules that establish the order of the elements and are intended for identification and general characteristics. It is a bibliographic model of the document, formatted in the form of a system of interrelated elements with the preceding identification punctuation. The main purpose of the bibliographic description is the identification of the publication in the system of other books and articles.
There are the following types of bibliographic description:
- Monographic. It implies the description of one document;
- Summary. It is a description of a multi-volume or serial document;
- Analytical description of any part of the document;
- A short description is a description of only the mandatory elements of a specific document;
- A full description of the mandatory element and all possible optional elements;
A bibliographic reference is a bibliographic description of a cited, considered or referenced document. Three main typological features lie in the heart of this systematization: the object of description, the function of description and the completeness of the description.
The first sign is an object of description; it makes it possible to distinguish such types of bibliographic description as monographic and summary. Concerning the completeness of the description, there are short, extended and complete bibliographic descriptions.
The abstract is a brief description of the document, its parts or a collection of documents in terms of content, purpose, form and other features. The abstract is explanatory or recommendatory.
The abstract is the second of the main categories of bibliographic notes. Compiling an annotation is based on three main features: functional role, completeness of reflection and the number of annotated publications (documents).
On the basis of these characteristics, the following types of annotation are distinguished:
- General. This kind of annotation is intended to characterize the content of the document as a whole one;
- Analytical. A similar annotation should characterize a part or aspect of the content;
- Background. It is intended to clarify the title and supplement the bibliographic description with factual information;
- Recommended. It characterizes the content taking into account the professional-psychological capabilities of the consumer and is presented as a rule with methodical instructions on the use of the document;
- Evaluation is a critical characteristic of the content of a document;
Bibliographic grouping is the combining of bibliographic notes into groups according to their specified characteristics. It is mainly used at the appropriate stage of creating bibliographic manuals, the essence of which is the logical ordering and arrangement of materials selected from the document flow, which facilitates the creation of semantic and hypertext links. The process of bibliographic grouping consists of such elements:
- isolation from the entire range of documents presented in the bibliography sections, subsections, headings, subheadings, etc.;
- determining the sequence of sections, subsections, headings, and subheadings;
- placing bibliographic notes in the indicated divisions. There are several ways of bibliographic grouping, which, in turn, have different options, including formal, in content, recommendations, personal, etc