Human Development Research Study

Abstract

The paper discusses how music helps children to learn mathematics. Long ago, Greek, philosopher, Pythagoras has established a link between music and mathematics. He created the doctrine of sound, studied mathematical side of sound, and discovered the mathematical relationship between individual sounds. The findings of the Greek philosopher have turned out to be extremely significant nowadays, as the scientists have proved that children recognize numbers by hearing.

Introduction

The help of music during the learning process as a lifespan endeavor goes beyond the learning throughout life. The larger view on the lifespan learning and the impact of music on it focuses on the values of the music engaged society. A lifespan perspective challenges the humanity on how music affects the learning process and why is it so essential to people. Music affects human life in a number of ways; it affords the opportunities in such spheres as human creativity, cognitive and behavioral domains, and even learning process. It should be stated that recent studies have confirmed the close relation between music and children's learning skills in mathematics.

At first, it is worth noting that there exists a close interaction between children and music. Music is extremely essential for kids, as it helps them to learn math. At first, it seems that music and math are two completely different sciences, which have nothing in common, however, it is not so. Long ago, Greek philosopher Pythagoras has established a link between music and mathematics. He created the doctrine of sound, studied mathematical side of sound, and discovered the mathematical relationship between individual sounds. The findings of the Greek philosopher have turned out to be extremely significant nowadays, as the scientists have proved that children recognize numbers by hearing. Thus, it became understandable that memory and rhythmical actions help in the process of counting.

One should understand that in order to learn math human brain uses those parts, which are also used for learning music. Thus, in order to make children remember significant math concepts and operations, teachers can apply chants and mnemonic devices. In order to prove that music helps kids to study math, two control groups were created. Each of them contained 5 children. The first group used mnemonics while studying math, and another used ordinary curriculum program. The main objective of the study was to teach children numbers.

Methodology

The first group combined conceptual information with chants and rhymes. This experiment presupposed using music as a mnemonic device. Children sang chants like: 1, 2 button my shoes, 3, 4 shut the door, 5, 6 pick up sticks and rhymes like straight line down, and then you're done. That's the way to make a one, and as a result, learned numbers easily. Music helped them to organize the learning material by applying repetitive and simple children's songs. This learning proposal was based on the principle that the way people encode information determined subsequent retrieval.

One should take into account that if new information is directly linked to something, which is locked in the long-term memory, than the retrieval will turn out to be much easier. The encoding operations create the cognitive structures in the form of chants and rhymes. With the course of time, these structures (in this case chants and rhymes) act as mediators between the recall signal and the information that should be remembered. When the structures are unique, the recall becomes successful. In other words, when a kid hears a chant, which is a cognitive cue for him/her, he or she starts recalling the desired information.

This method turned out to be highly efficient, as it helped to learn the scientific information quicker. The thing is that that the data were actively rehearsing and practicing over certain period of time. Repeating chants and rhymes was the best way to help young children to practice numbers.

Timeframe

In the course of research, the mixed design time frame was applied. The thing is that this experiment lasted short period of time, but it investigated the children of one age. In the course of experiment, children were taught the same subject over certain period of time. This experiment did not take a long time to do, and all the students were in the same condition (these were kids of the same age, who learned the same topic during the same period of time).

Conclusion

In conclusion, it is worth noting that mnemonic devices like chants and rhymes help the children to learn mathematics, as they turn out to be efficient memory strategies. The experiment has shown that people from the first group have learned numbers more quickly and without additional efforts. Children have repeated and practiced funny chants, modeled by teachers, and thus, learned the numbers. This experiment has confirmed that mnemonic devices, which applied explicitly in the classroom, help kids to learn mathematics successfully. Children obtained benefits from the mnemonic devices, as they add humor and delight to the classroom, awaken musical intelligence in kids, easily adapt to the curriculum, and ease the memorization and understanding of the mathematical concepts.

References

  1. Kail, R., Cavanaugh, J. (2011). Human development: A life-span view (6th ed.). Belmont: Wadsworth.
  2. Life-span development (14th ed.).Boston: McGraw Hill.
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